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Introduction What Types of Pottery Are There? Like cave painting, as well as other types of prehistoric art, the invention and development of pottery is a reflection of social, economic and environmental conditions - many of which are still poorly understood - and a significant indicator of a society's cultural development.
The earliest form was Chinese Pottery, which first appeared in Jiangxi, to the south of the Yangzi River basin.
History and Development of Pottery Paleolithic Pottery Neolithic Pottery in China Pottery Spreads From China Amur River Basin and Siberia (Russia) Japan Europe Ancient Persia Middle East Ancient India Americas Africa Ancient Greece Developments in Chinese Pottery Pottery, also called ceramics or ceramic art - the creation of objects, mainly cooking or storage vessels, made out of clay and then hardened by heat - was the first functional art to emerge during the Upper Paleolithic, after body painting.
In this article we focus attention on ceramic crafts during the period of prehistory and classical antiquity.
Meantime, to see how the evolution of pottery fits into the chronology of prehistory, see: Prehistoric Art Timeline (from 2.5 million BCE).
There are three main types of ceramic ware: earthenware, stoneware and porcelain, categorized according to the clay used to make them, and the temperature required to fire them.
(A) Earthenware is the oldest and easiest type of pottery.
It is also the softest, being heated at the lowest temperature (typically between 10 degrees Celsius). (B) Stoneware is a denser type of pottery that is fired at a higher temperature (between 11 degrees Celsius).
In addition, stoneware is typically coated with a glaze of powdered glass and fired again at a higher temperature.
This causes the glaze to fuse with the clay body, creating a vitreous, impermeable surface.
Where earthenware usually ranges in colour from buff to dark red, stoneware varies from grey to buff, or even green - as in the case of celadon. (1) It can be glazed, using a range of mineral-based colour pigments.
(C) Porcelain - of which Chinese Porcelain remains the finest and most valuable variant - is finer than stoneware, makes a ringing tone when tapped, and has a characteristic translucence when held up to the light. The addition of iron oxide, for instance, creates the greenish-coloured glaze characteristic of Chinese celadon pottery.Tags: Adult Dating, affair dating, sex dating